13,125 The Communication Initiative Network, Communicating to Counter Violent Extremism, The Drum Beat 729, February 22, 2017

The Drum BeatCommunicating to Counter Violent Extremism – The Drum Beat 729
February 22, 2017

In this issue:

YOUR ANALYSIS – Survey on Trends; Poll on Concerns

From The Communication Initiative Network – where communication and media are central to social and economic development.
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  • 1. Violent Extremism: GSDRC Professional Development Reading Pack no. 34
    by Andrew Glazzard and Martine Zeuthen
    This reading pack from the Governance and Social Development Resource Centre (GSDRC) is an effort to help navigate the controversy and uncertainty surrounding the definition of violent extremism (VE) – or, more precisely, the lack of clarity that characterises discussions of the issue. Noting that what we call a phenomenon helps determine how we see it and what we do in response to it, the pack provides brief summaries of and links to 9 readings from the VE literature. [Feb 2016]
  • 2. Preventing Radicalisation to Terrorism and Violent Extremism: Approaches and Practices
    2016 Edition
    The Radicalisation Awareness Network (RAN) Collection of Approaches and Practices presents a set of 7 practitioners’ approaches in the field of prevention of radicalisation, each of them illustrated by a number of lessons learned and selected practices and projects.
  • 3. A How To Guide: Undermining Violent Extremist Narratives in South East Asia
    by Sara Zeiger
    From Hedayah, the International Center of Excellence for Countering Violent Extremism (CVE), this compendium provides practical guidance for governments, policymakers, and civil society organisations in Australia and South East Asia to support their development of narratives to counter the approaches of violent extremists in the region and create alternative, positive messages that will reach and influence their local audiences. [Aug 2016]
  • 4. Communities First: A Blueprint for Organizing and Sustaining a Global Movement Against Violent Extremism
    by Eric Rosand
    A focus on community engagement in preventing and countering VE (P/CVE) is at the heart of the strategy outlined in this report. One piece of this strategy involves addressing the marginalisation and alienation, poor governance, and state-sponsored violence that damage the government-citizen relationship and that can drive VE. The Prevention Project draws attention to the lack of cooperation between governments and their civil societies, demonstrating the importance of civil society organisations (CSOs) in P/CVE. The report provides several examples of community-led P/CVE initiatives and offers recommendations. [Dec 2016]
  • 5. Preventing Violent Extremism: Leaders Telling a Different Story
    Hoping to bridge the gap between civil society and governments on preventing VE (PVE), enhancing citizen voices, and fostering government accountability, Club de Madrid (CdM), supported by the Commission’s Directorate-General for International Cooperation and Development (DG DEVCO), have launched “Preventing Violent Extremism: Leaders Telling a Different Story”. With a focus on Tunisia, Lebanon, and Nigeria, the project aims at strengthening counter-narrative messaging and producing a multi-dimensional response to extremist messaging by channeling the collective expertise of policymakers, media representatives, practitioners, and CdM Members (democratically elected former Presidents and Prime Ministers). [Nov 2016]
  • See also:
    Countering Violent Extremism (CVE): A Resource Page
    Turning Point: A New Comprehensive Strategy for Countering Violent Extremism
    The Root Causes of Violent Extremism: RAN Issue Paper

  • 6. Constraints and Opportunities: What Role for Media Development in the Countering Violent Extremism Agenda?
    by Michelle Betz
    This paper seeks to provide initial guidance on the definition of CVE and what it means for the media development sector, its donors, and other organisations that work with media developers. One proposed definition of CVE: the use of non-coercive means to delegitimise violent extremist ideologies and thereby reduce the number of terrorist group supporters and recruits. But by what means? What methods? What tools can be and are being used? What does this mean for media development practitioners? The paper provides some answers to these questions. [Sep 2016]
  • 7. Media Development and Countering Violent Extremism: An Uneasy Relationship, a Need for Dialogue
    by Courtney C. Radsch, Ph.D.
    This report from the Center for International Media Assistance (CIMA) at the National Endowment for Democracy in the United States (US) looks at how media development practitioners are reacting to the rise of the CVE agenda and its growing influence on their field. CVE refers to a variety of tactics and strategies – usually employing tools for mass communication – to blunt the efforts of terrorists to publicise their ideology and marshal support for violence. This influence is a cause of concern, according to the author – not only because practitioners of CVE and media development have fundamentally different worldviews but because the CVE agenda is seen to pose serious risks for southern media houses and the organisations that support them. However uneasy the relationship, a dialogue between CVE and media development is needed, the author argues. [Oct 2016]
  • 8. Countering Violent Extremism through Media and Communication Strategies
    by Kate Ferguson
    How can media and communications be used to counter identity-based violence (IBV) or VE? The review illustrates the need for cross-disciplinary engagement and interdisciplinary research to discourage stigmatisation of Muslims and Muslim communities and promote a more diverse research culture. The analysis revolves around “counter-narratives” and the need for trust and credibility – the limits of media and communication projects seem evident when they are seen as beholden to or the mouthpiece of a political agenda. Witnessing “someone like me” share a platform with “others unlike me” can encourage positive attitudes around tolerance and understanding of others. [Mar 2016]
  • 9. Are there alternatives to counter-propaganda in an information age?
    by James Deane and Will Taylor
    “…We live in an information age and the ‘war on terror’ has increasingly focused on battles over the information space….For media development organisations like BBC Media Action…, this presents a set of challenges….We increasingly work in conflict-affected societies, where we facilitate discussion across divides and ensure all sections of society, including those who feel most marginalised, are part of those debates. This work has led us to conclude that free, independent and trusted media and platforms for public debate make it more difficult for violent extremism to take hold…” [Sep 2016]
  • 10. Hate-Speech: A Five-Point Test for Journalists
    How can journalists and others define, identify, and respond to hate speech? Based on international standards, this 5-point test of speech for journalism has been developed by Ethical Journalism Network (EJN) advisers in an effort to help journalists to identify hate speech and to understand better the possible impact of its dissemination.
  • See also:
    Who to follow on Twitter if you’re interested in Countering Violent Extremism, Media, and Media Development

ENQUIRY: Your priorities, opportunities and challenges!What kinds of challenges and opportunities infuse your communication and media development, social and behavioural change work? This survey is a chance for you to let us know! We will report back on results and trends so you can gain insights from your peers in the network.
Click here to lend your voice.POLL: What keeps you up at night with worry about your work?Vote and comment here and then see what your peers are experiencing also!

  • 11. Education and Security: A Global Literature Review on the Role of Education in Countering Violent Religious Extremism
    by Ratna Ghosh, Ashley Manuel, W.Y. Alice Chan, Maihemuti Dilimulati, and Mehdi Babaei
    Published by the Tony Blair Faith Foundation, this literature review looks at the global understanding of the role of education in CVE – both in theory and in practice. Through case studies, the review shows how extremist groups directly attack education institutions, remove opportunity to access education, and use education to indoctrinate and recruit young people. The review also shows that the use of education is indispensable to the sustainability of CVE projects. [Feb 2016]
  • 12. A Teacher’s Guide on the Prevention of Violent Extremism
    Developed by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), this guide for teachers focuses on techniques and approaches that provide young people with relevant and timely learning opportunities to develop the knowledge, skills, and attitudes that can help them build their resilience to extremist propaganda. [May 2016]
  • 13. Extreme Dialogue
    Extreme Dialogue aims to build resilience to radicalisation among young people through a series of open-access educational resources and short films that foster critical thinking and digital literacy skills.
  • 14. Suleiman Bakhit – Superheroes Against Extremism
    In this speech at the 2014 Oslo Freedom Forum, Jordanian comic book artist Suleiman Bakhit explores the power of narrative in the struggle against extremism, discrimination, and misogyny. Against the backdrop of his art, Bakhit explains how he launched a comic book company as a way to spread tolerance, empower women, and counter extremist narratives by providing Arab youth with positive role models. [Oct 2014]
  • 15. #Unite4Heritage
    This UNESCO project works to support youth civic engagement, participation in peacebuilding, and promotion of intercultural/interreligious understanding and diversity among youth organisations, youth online communities and networks, and other relevant stakeholders (policymakers, researchers, media professionals, and social workers). For example, #Unite4Heritage is developing capacity-building online tools, empowering selected community managers and young web administrators to become central actors (and key multipliers) in preventing, reporting, and responding to online radicalisation messages (allowing self-monitoring and awareness of threats related to VE).
  • 16. Digital Citizens: Countering Extremism Online
    by Louis Reynolds and Ralph Scott
    This report from the think tank Demos finds that equipping young students with critical thinking skills is effective in improving their resilience to extremist material online. Setting out of the findings of a digital citizenship intervention developed by Demos and Bold Creative, it shows how a skills-based, rather than an ideology-based, approach can be an effective and more inclusive countering extremism strategy for young people. The intervention involved developing, testing, and evaluating new resources to help schools tackle online radicalisation. [Dec 2016]
  • See also:
    Preventing Violent Extremism through Education
    Integrate Bristol Educational Resources for Equality and Integration
    Young People’s Participation in Peacebuilding – A Practice Note

  • 17. Policy Options and Regulatory Mechanisms for Managing Radicalization on the Internet
    by Dan Shefet
    This report analyses the legal measures taken specifically against online radicalisation adopted by 32 countries representing the 6 geographical regions of UNESCO. It also examines international treaties, European directives, and resolutions at a regional and international level in an attempt to identify grounds of a common understanding and a consensual approach to measures against online radicalisation by the international community. [Sep 2016]
  • 18. The Role of Online/Social Media in Countering Violent Extremism in East Africa
    by William Robert Avis
    This GSDRC Helpdesk rapid review draws on academic and grey literature to provide an overview of the role of online/social media in countering VE in East Africa. It includes regional examples from Uganda and Kenya, as well as other international case studies from CVE initiatives that use online/social media. The paper also identifies a number of international best practice examples of programmes and approaches that tackle extremism (in a variety of forms) that involve a social media component. [Jun 2016]
  • 19. Access Now Position Paper: A Digital Rights Approach to Proposals for Preventing or Countering Violent Extremism Online
    by Raman Jit Singh Chima
    Access Now, an international organisation that defends and extends the digital rights of users at risk around the world, has prepared this policy guide to help stakeholders assess CVE proposals. It maps out high-level principles for evaluating CVE proposals and provides recommendations based on those principles. [Nov 2016]
  • 20. Using Social Media to Communicate against Violent Extremism
    From the Countering Violent Extremism Unit of Living Safe Together and the Australian Government, this guide outlines how to create an effective social media campaign and identifies 10 supporting case studies to illustrate successful techniques.

  • 21. Charting a New Course: Women Preventing Violent Extremism
    This action kit from the United States Institute of Peace (USIP) is intended to foster discussions on the role of women and PVE. Intended for policymakers, practitioners, and academics who are interested in “why gender matters” in PVE, the kit is a collection of essays and practical exercises designed to help guide local activists and practitioners. [May 2015]
  • 22. Women and Violent Radicalization: Research Report
    Produced in Québec, Canada, by a research team that met with people affected by violent radicalisation, including young Québec women attempting to go to Syria, this analysis is based on a field study conducted for the 2015-2018 Government Action Plan, Radicalization in Québec: Act, Prevent, Detect and Live Together. “Media representations of women in extremist groups, or who engage in political violence, are often rife with sexual stereotypes that stress their supposed passivity. Yet such women should not be seen exclusively as victims, since they are also active participants….The present study avoids such prejudices by considering the point of view of the women themselves.” [Oct 2016]
  • 23. Women and Violent Radicalization in Jordan
    This study on the gendered dimensions of radicalisation in Jordan was commissioned by the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women) as part of an effort to support the Jordanian National Commission for Women and the Government of Jordan in developing a National Action Plan for implementing UN Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1325 (2000). One finding: Women are seen as the primary pillars and influencers of their families; thus, they are thought to be targeted by radicalised groups to impact their ideology as a first step to influencing the entire family. [Mar 2016]
  • See also:
    Preventing Conflict, Transforming Justice, Securing the Peace: A Global Study on the Implementation of Security Council Resolution 1325
This issue of The Drum Beat was written by Kier Olsen DeVries.
The Drum Beat is the email and web network of The Communication Initiative Partnership.

Full list of the CI Partners:
ANDI, BBC Media Action, Bernard van Leer Foundation, Breakthrough, Citurna TV, Fundación Imaginario, Fundación Nuevo Periodismo Iberoamericano (FNPI), Heartlines,Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Center for Communication Programs, Maternal and Child Survival Program (MCSP), MISA, Open Society Foundations, Oxfam Novib, PAHO, The Panos Institute, Puntos de Encuentro, SAfAIDS, Sesame Workshop, Soul City, STEPS International, UNAIDS, UNICEF, Universidad de los Andes,World Health Organization (WHO), W.K. Kellogg Foundation

The Drum Beat seeks to cover the full range of communication for development activities. Inclusion of an item does not imply endorsement or support by The Partners.

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The Editor of The Drum Beat is Kier Olsen DeVries.
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